Global Ophthalmic Drugs Market by Product Type (Prescription Drugs, OTC Drugs), By Drug Class (Anti-glaucoma Drugs, Dry Eye Drugs, and Other Drug Classes), By Dosage Form, By Route of Administration, By Distribution Channel, By Region and Companies - Industry Segment Outlook, Market Assessment, Competition Scenario, Trends, and Forecast 2023-2032
- Published date: June 2023
- Report ID: 102423
- Number of Pages: 267
- Report Overview
- Driving Factors
- Restraining Factors
- COVID-19 Impact Analysis
- By Product Type Analysis
- By Drug Class Analysis
- By Dosage Form Analysis
- By Route of Administration Analysis
- By Distribution Channel Analysis
- Ophthalmic Drugs Key Market Segments
- Regional Analysis
- Key Regions and Countries
- Market Share & Key Players Analysis
- Top Key Players in the Global Ophthalmic Drugs Market
- Recent Developments
- Report Scope
In 2022, the global Ophthalmic Drugs Market was worth US$ 35.6 billion and will reach US$ 74.7 billion by 2032. It is estimated to grow a CAGR of 7.9% between 2023-2032.
The complicated sensory organ that is responsible for vision or sight is the eye. Loss of vision can be caused by disease or injury to the ocular system. A range of ocular formulations (topical, parenteral, and oral) are available for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Glaucoma, chronic dry eye, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, etc., are all conditions that are significantly managed by ophthalmic medications. The study of eye diseases and disorders, often known as ophthalmology, has been chronicled from the dawn of time. The eye’s significance and attraction have propelled substantial scientific breakthroughs for ages.
Cycloplegics, mydriatics, and miotics are examples of ophthalmic medicines that either directly or indirectly activate or inhibit the autonomic nervous system’s connection to the intraocular muscles. The rising geriatric population and increased prevalence of eye-related ailments such as glaucoma, dry eye disease, and other eye-related disorders are primary factors boosting the market growth over the forecast period.
Also, rising research & development initiatives to develop novel ophthalmic drugs and medications and the implementation of strategic initiatives by the major players are expected to stimulate market growth during the projection period. Growing public knowledge of the accessibility of preventive medications will further fuel market expansion during the projected time period.
Rising geriatric population
Over the recent decades, the geriatric population has significantly increased across many countries around the globe. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that in 2020, there will be more adults aged 60 and older than children under the age of five. The percentage of people over 60 in the world will increase from 12% to 22% between 2015 and 2050. One in six individuals on the planet will be 60 or older by 2030. Thus, by the year 2030, the number of people over 60 will be 1.4 billion, up from 1 billion in 2020.
The number of individuals in the world who are 60 or older will double (to 2.1 billion) by 2050. The number of people above 80 years of age is projected to rise by three folds, reaching 426 million between the time period 2020 and 2050. By 2050, 60% of the global population above the age of 60 will reside in low- and middle-income nations. Eurostat estimates that in 2022, 21.1% of the EU’s population will be above 65 years of age.
On January 1, 2022, the EU’s population’s median age, which is rising, was 44.4 years old, making up 50% of the population. As the elderly population is more likely to suffer from different eye diseases, it is likely to fuel the demand for ophthalmic drugs during the forecast period.
Increasing prevalence of eye disorders
Globally, the incidences of eye diseases are increasing at a high rate. According to WHO estimates, the number of individuals worldwide suffering from a distance or near vision impairment is about 2.2 billion. About 50% of the respective cases, or at least 1 billion, have vision damage that is still unaddressed or might have been avoided completely.
A total of 1 billion people are affected by moderate to severe blindness or distance vision impairment as a result of age-related macular degeneration (8 million), glaucoma (7.7 million), untreated refractive error (88.4 million), cataracts (94 million), vision impairment brought on by untreated presbyopia (826 million), and other conditions. Regionally, countries with lower and middle income are estimated to have a four times higher prevalence of distant vision impairment than countries with high income.
According to the CDC, i.e., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, AMD, or age-related macular degeneration, affects more than 1.8 million Americans over 40 years of age. According to predictions, AMD will impact roughly 3 million people by 2020. Thus, the increasing prevalence of eye disorders is expected to drive market growth during the estimated time period.
Launch of awareness campaigns regarding eye disorders
Several governments as well as private organizations, are launching various campaigns, programs, and initiatives to spread awareness among the general population regarding various eye diseases. For example, in honor of “World Glaucoma Week,” the Entod Eye Health Foundation launched the glaucoma awareness campaign #GetTestedForGlaucoma from March 12 to March 2023 in various regions of India.
With a focus on the younger generation and those over 40, the campaign intends to reach one crore individuals across the nation. The campaign aims to increase awareness about glaucoma while encouraging people to regularly have their eyes checked to assess their risk factors and become familiar with the available treatment choices. In order to spread knowledge about glaucoma and stop its growth, Entod Pharmaceuticals is partnering with the Entod Eye Health Foundation. Spreading awareness regarding various eye diseases is anticipated to propel the growth of the market during the projection period.
Side-effects associated with ophthalmic drugs
Drugs used for the eye have the potential for side effects or adverse effects (AEs), much like drugs used systemically to treat any ailment or disease. Burning, redness, stinging, or a feeling of a foreign body are the most frequent side effects of topically applied ocular drops during or immediately after application. Intravitreal medication injections’ most frequent negative effects include intraocular inflammation and elevated intraocular pressure.
Ocular medications may have systemic side effects because they eventually enter the bloodstream after being injected into the eye or administered topically. This is particularly true for infants and children because weight-adjusted doses are frequently not accessible. Thus, side effects associated with ophthalmic drugs may limit the market growth during the projected time period.
Lack of health insurance in developing nations
Even though the majority of individuals in affluent or developed nations have health insurance, coverage is significantly less common in the developing world. However, citizens in wealthy and underdeveloped nations mostly benefit from insurance protection against the financial risk posed by a major or chronic disease. In many developing nations around the world, expanding health insurance is a top goal for their local and federal governments.
According to the Brookings Institute, more than 2 billion people reside in developing nations with ineffective health systems, unequal access, insufficient funding, and subpar services. Therefore, in developing nations, due to a lack of comprehensive insurance coverage, many people are not able to afford quality ophthalmic drugs or medications. Therefore, a lack of healthcare insurance coverage in developing nations may affect the market growth during the estimated time period.
COVID-19 Impact Analysis
The pandemic had a negative effect on the overall growth of the market. As an illustration, in November 2021, Clinical Ophthalmology Journal estimated that when pre and post-pandemic periods were compared, visual field examinations, clinical visits, drugs released, and surgical procedures all decreased 93.84%, 92.52%, 19.63%, and 72.74%, respectively. It reflects a significant reduction in the overall time spent on the treatment of eye diseases during the pandemic.
Also, for instance, it has been noted that the number of ophthalmic outpatients during the pandemic decreased by 46.9%, according to an article published in March 2022 by the Public Library of Science. Additionally, according to the same source, June witnessed a 60.1% decrease in the number of outpatients for various ophthalmic treatments, followed by July (43.3%) and May (38.3%).
The data also showed that the top three treatments that witnessed a significant reduction in frequency were macular degeneration (51%), refraction (55.9%), and cataracts (68.2%) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, market growth has been negatively affected during COVID-19. However, the widespread availability of COVID-19 vaccinations and the drop in COVID-19 cases is likely to stimulate the demand for ophthalmic drugs in the post-pandemic period.
By Product Type Analysis
Prescription drugs are witnessing the highest growth
The prescription drugs segment dominated the market in 2022 with the largest revenue share of 62.3%. The increased prevalence of conditions like AMD and diabetic retinopathy is a key factor driving the growth of the segment.
Improved efficacy and enhanced safety are two additional beneficial aspects that are likely to increase the demand for ophthalmic prescription drugs. Certain prescription medicines have moisturizing and lubricating ingredients that momentarily increase tear production. Prescription medications are chosen over OTC ones because they are thought to be more effective at treating ocular conditions.
On the other hand, the OTC drugs segment is expected to witness steady growth during the estimated time period. The segment’s growth can be attributed to factors such as a rise in e-pharmacies, easy access to OTC drugs, and the increasing launch of several OTC medications like eye drops and ointments.
By Drug Class Analysis
Anti-glaucoma drugs dominate the market
The anti-glaucoma drugs segment leads the drug class segment by accounting for a revenue share of 34% in 2022. Glaucoma prevalence is rising quickly, which is anticipated to raise demand for anti-glaucoma medications globally and lead to high growth in the segment.
For instance, it has been noted that the most common form of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma, affects 2.7 million persons in the United States who are 40 years of age or older, according to the BrightFocus Foundation’s June 2021 study. Additionally, according to the same source, glaucoma affected more than 80 million people worldwide in 2020, which is anticipated to increase to more than 111 million by 2040. As a result, the demand for anti-glaucoma medications is anticipated to rise, thus supporting market expansion.
The dry eye drugs segment is expected to witness significant growth over the projection period. The increasing demand for efficient therapies, the rising incidence of dry eye illness, the existence of a profitable pipeline, and expanding public awareness of the problem are some of the key factors driving the segment’s growth.
By Dosage Form Analysis
Eye drops account for the largest share
The eye drops segment is likely to lead the dosage form segment during the estimated time period with a revenue share of 40%. The expanding OTC availability of eye drops, patient compliance issues, and the prevalence of eye illnesses are key factors driving the growth of the segment. In addition, it is predicted that the launch of new products with altered formulations would contribute to the growth of the segment. For instance, in January 2022, Alcon launched their new preservative-free Systane eye drop.
Moreover, the gels segment is anticipated to experience high growth over the projected time period. Ophthalmic gels are put on the eyelids or the outer corner of the eye. For the treatment of cataracts, chronic inflammation, and uveitis, gels are available as viscous solutions. The rise in demand for aqueous gel formulations made with hydrophilic and stimuli-responsive polymers is a key factor driving the growth of the segment. Gels make it possible to incorporate pharmacological substances to produce the desired therapeutic impact and bioactivity at certain ocular locations.
By Route of Administration Analysis
The topical route of administration is highly preferred
The topical route of administration is expected to dominate the market with a revenue share of 55% throughout the forecast period. To treat retinal illnesses such as neovascular age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, and glaucomatous optic neuropathy, topical ophthalmic instillation is an intriguing method.
It has a number of benefits, including the ability to allow self-administration, and is non-intrusive. The rising demand for topical products as a result of convenient doses, patient compliance issues, and numerous strategic initiatives done by market players account for the segment’s growth.
Also, the local ocular route of administration is anticipated to witness high growth during the projection period. The blood-retinal barrier can be directly crossed with the help of the intraocular route, allowing for the achievement of the maximum possible peak drug concentration and high absorption. The posteriorly located tissues of the eye, like the cone-containing fovea or macula, consists of the highest intraocular bioavailability.
By Distribution Channel Analysis
Hospital pharmacies led the distribution channel segment with a revenue share of 58% in 2022. The growth of the segment can be attributed to key factors such as rising demand for ophthalmic drugs in hospital settings due to the high prevalence of chronic eye diseases, along with increasing healthcare spending in developing nations which has led to the availability of multiple therapeutic options.
Moreover, the online pharmacies segment is expected to grow at the fastest rate during the projection period. Increasing internet penetration in e-prescriptions in hospitals and clinics is a key factor contributing to the segment’s growth.
Ophthalmic Drugs Key Market Segments
- Prescription Drugs
- OTC Drugs
- Anti-glaucoma Drugs
- Dry Eye Drugs
- Retinal Drugs
- Anti-infective Drugs
- Other Drug classes
- Eye Solutions & Suspensions
- Capsules and Tablets
- Eye Drops
Route of Administration
- Local Ocular
- Hospital Pharmacies
- Online Pharmacies
- Other Distribution Channels
Research and development initiatives
More businesses globally are concentrating on investing in R&D operations for the creation of innovative and effective treatments. Alcon, a major provider of eye care, significantly increased their R&D spending from USD 673 in 2020 to USD 842 in 2021. The company provides a variety of products, including those for contact lenses, cataracts, and glaucoma. Furthermore, a strong application pool of new drugs intended for approval will likely aid market growth during the upcoming time period. For instance, the phase III research for Nicox, a novel eye therapeutics company, is anticipated to be finished by 2029 for the novel NO donating PG analog NCX 470. Thus, such key research initiatives by several organizations across the world are anticipated to fuel the demand for ophthalmic drugs and open many opportunities for the market in the coming years.
Development of drugs with novel drug delivery
In recent years, there has been a lot of reported work on ocular medication administration. The goal is to increase the amount of time that medications administered topically stay in the cornea and conjunctiva.
Pharmaceutical companies are creating innovative methods such as nanoparticles, liposomes, contact lenses, ocular inserts, in situ activated gel creation, non-corneal routes of ocular drug diffusion, and polymeric solutions and gels based on nanoparticles. For the nearly inaccessible eye disorders or syndromes, the revolutionary improved delivery technologies offer a more protected and efficient means of therapy.
Recent advancements in the field of sustained release and regulated loading for ocular medication delivery have been made. It is now possible to improve the therapeutic efficacy of the ophthalmic route thanks to contemporary techniques.
North America leads the market by holding a major revenue share in the account
North America is expected to hold the largest share of 42% in the market during the projected time period. The rising prevalence of eye diseases, ophthalmology technology improvements, and the growing elderly population are some factors influencing the market’s growth. Additional factors that contribute to the market’s expansion in North America include R&D efforts, the presence of major market players, new product launches, and approvals for ophthalmic devices and medications.
Moreover, the Asia-Pacific region is likely to witness high growth during the estimated time period. The region’s demand for ophthalmic medications is anticipated to be driven by key factors such as an increase in ocular disease instances and rising consumer awareness of therapeutic efficacy. Local businesses are taking part in strategic projects to create and sell novel treatment alternatives for patients, which is fostering market expansion.
Key Regions and Countries
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- South Korea
- Rest of Asia-Pacific
- South America
- Rest of South America
- South Africa
- Rest of MEA
The global Ophthalmic Drugs market is highly competitive and comprises several large as well as small market players. The market is growing significantly due to the rising demand for quality ophthalmic drugs to treat various ocular diseases. Additionally, key R&D initiatives, new strategic agreements, mergers and acquisitions, and the launch of new products by key market players are likely to impact market growth in the upcoming years positively.
Top Key Players in the Global Ophthalmic Drugs Market
- Pfizer Inc.
- Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd
- Bayer AG
- Bausch Health Companies Inc.
- Merck & Co., Inc.
- Novartis AG
- Santen Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
- Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
- Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc.
- Coherus Biosciences, Inc.
- Other Key Players
- In May 2022, for the treatment of dry eye, Brim Biotechnology Inc., a Taiwan-based company mainly engaged in drug discovery and development, and Ora Inc., a full-service pre-clinical and clinical ophthalmic drug and device development firm, announced that they had joined forces to further the development of the regeneration peptide BRM 421.
- In April 2022, in order to control pressure in the eyes in patients suffering from ocular hypertension (high eye pressure), Sandoz, a Novartis firm that manufactures generic pharmaceuticals and biosimilars, introduced its ophthalmic eyedrop solution, a generic combination of brimonidine tartrate and timolol maleate 0.2%/0.5%, a generic equivalent to AbbVie’s COMBIGAN, which is AB-rated.
Report Features Description Market Value (2022) USD 35.6 Bn Forecast Revenue (2032) USD 74.7 Bn CAGR (2023-2032) 7.9% Base Year for Estimation 2022 Historic Period 2016-2022 Forecast Period 2023-2032 Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Market Dynamics, COVID-19 Impact, Competitive Landscape, Recent Developments Segments Covered By Product Type- Prescription Drugs, OTC Drugs, By Drug Class- Anti-glaucoma Drugs, Dry Eye Drugs, Anti-allergy/Inflammatory, Retinal Drugs, Anti-infective Drugs, and Other Drug Classes, By Dosage Form- Gels, Eye Solutions & Suspensions, Capsules and Tablets, Eye Drops, Ointments, By Route of Administration- Topical, Local Ocular, Systematic, By Distribution Channel- Hospital Pharmacies, Online Pharmacies, and Other Distribution Channels Regional Analysis North America – The US, Canada, & Mexico; Western Europe – Germany, France, The UK, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Ireland, Austria, Switzerland, Benelux, Nordic, & Rest of Western Europe; Eastern Europe – Russia, Poland, The Czech Republic, Greece, & Rest of Eastern Europe; APAC – China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia & New Zealand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, & Rest of APAC; Latin America – Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, Costa Rica, & Rest of Latin America; the Middle East & Africa – Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Kuwait, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, & Rest of MEA Competitive Landscape Pfizer Inc., F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Bayer AG, Bausch Health Companies Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Novartis AG, Santen Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc., Coherus Biosciences, Inc., Alcon, and Other Key Players Customization Scope Customization for segments, region/country-level will be provided. Moreover, additional customization can be done based on the requirements. Purchase Options We have three licenses to opt for: Single User License, Multi-User License (Up to 5 Users), Corporate Use License (Unlimited User and Printable PDF)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)How big is the global ophthalmic drugs market ?
The ophthalmic drugs market will be valued at USD 74.7 Bn by 2032 at a CAGR of 7.9%What are some common eye conditions managed by ophthalmic drugs?
Ophthalmic drugs are used to manage conditions such as glaucoma, chronic dry eye, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration.What factors are driving the growth of the ophthalmic drugs market?
The rising geriatric population, increasing prevalence of eye disorders, and launch of awareness campaigns regarding eye disorders are key factors driving market growth.Which product type dominates the ophthalmic drugs market?
Prescription drugs dominate the market, accounting for the largest revenue share. They are preferred for their efficacy in treating ocular conditions.What is the leading drug class in the ophthalmic drugs market?
Anti-glaucoma drugs lead the drug class segment, driven by the rising prevalence of glaucoma globally.Which dosage form is most commonly used in the ophthalmic drugs market?
Eye drops are the most commonly used dosage form, accounting for the largest share. They offer convenience, patient compliance, and easy availability.What are some key players in the global ophthalmic drugs market?
Key players in the global ophthalmic drugs market include Pfizer Inc., F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Bayer AG, Bausch Health Companies Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Novartis AG, Santen Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc., Coherus Biosciences, Inc., Alcon, and other key players.What opportunities are there in the ophthalmic drugs market?
Opportunities in the market include ongoing research and development initiatives to create innovative treatments and the introduction of novel drugs, which can drive market growth and provide new avenues for market players.What are some trends in the ophthalmic drugs market?
The trend of developing drugs with novel drug delivery systems, such as nanoparticles and sustained release formulations, is also emerging in the market.
| Single User|
USD / per unit
| Multi User|
USD / per unit
| Corporate User|
USD / per unit
|Report Library Access|
|Data Set (Excel)|
|Company Profile Library Access|
|Free Custumization||No||up to 10 hrs work||up to 30 hrs work|
|Accessibility||1 User||2-5 User||Unlimited|
|Analyst Support||up to 20 hrs||up to 40 hrs||up to 50 hrs|
|Benefit||Up to 20% off on next purchase||Up to 25% off on next purchase||Up to 30% off on next purchase|
|Buy Now ($ 3,499)||Buy Now ($ 4,299)||Buy Now ($ 4,999)|